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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Consular Functions

Paweł Czubik, Piotr Szwedo

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 September 2023

Consular relations

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Consular functions are varied and as international relations have evolved over time, their scope has changed. When permanent diplomatic missions became widespread, consuls lost their ability to execute political, ie diplomatic, functions. Heads of diplomatic missions became unique representatives of States’ heads. During the heyday of the absolute monarchy and with the new concept of sovereignty, which assumed the subordination of every person on the territory of the receiving State to its internal regulations, consuls lost an important part of their immunities...
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