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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Population, Expulsion and Transfer

Emily Haslam

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 04 March 2024

Indigenous peoples — Expulsion — Internally displaced persons — Forced transfers or displacement — Armed conflict — Geneva Conventions 1949

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Population transfers and expulsions, which occur in differing situations and a wide variety of circumstances, are currently regulated by a complex patchwork of legal provisions encompassing the laws of armed conflict, human rights and development law. Population transfer is permitted only in exceptional and restricted circumstances, with the parameters of lawful transfer determined by express or implicit proscriptions found predominantly in human rights and/or international humanitarian law (Humanitarian Law, International). Unlawful population transfer is...
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