1 A permanent population living in a defined territory becomes one of the elements of statehood when it is legally defined as a group of persons that belongs to a State according to certain criteria. By means of that definition and its practical implementation, a legal relationship is established between the individual members of the group and that State, which in international law and practice is usually called nationality. As the International Court of Justice (ICJ) described it in the Nottebohm Case: [N]ationality is a legal bond having as its basis a social...
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