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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Elections, Right to Participate in, International Protection

Niels Petersen

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 June 2024

Nationality of individuals — Equality before the law — Right to vote and to be elected — Democracy

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 For a long time, the right to participate in elections has played only a marginal role in the international debate on human rights. Although the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) (‘UDHR’), in its Art. 21 (3) already contained a right to periodic and genuine elections, the competition of the socialist and the liberal democratic models of the State almost suppressed a scholarly debate on this issue. The design of the political system was perceived as part of the domaine réservé. Only after the end of the Cold War (1947–91) did international law scholars...
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