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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)

Nisuke Ando

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 24 January 2021

Arbitral tribunals — International courts and tribunals, procedure — Arbitration

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is based on the two Conventions for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes of 29 July 1899 (‘Hague Convention I [1899]’) and 18 October 1907 (‘Hague Convention I [1907]’) adopted by the Hague Peace Conferences (1899 and 1907).2 The modern practice of arbitration as a means of peaceful settlement of international disputes, said to begin with the Jay Treaty (1794) between Great Britain and the United States, became widespread in the international community during the 19th century. However, disputing States often...
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