Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
- Arbitral tribunals — International courts and tribunals, procedure — Arbitration
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is based on the two Conventions for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes of 29 July 1899 (‘Hague Convention I ’) and 18 October 1907 (‘Hague Convention I ’) adopted by the Hague Peace Conferences (1899 and 1907).2 The modern practice of arbitration as a means of peaceful settlement of international disputes, said to begin with the Jay Treaty (1794) between Great Britain and the United States, became widespread in the international community during the 19th century. However, disputing States often...