1 The North American Free Trade Agreement (1992) (‘NAFTA’) incorporates three distinct dispute settlement mechanisms within the main text of the agreement, and several additional mechanisms in its supplementary agreements. 2 The principal dispute settlement mechanism is established by Chapter 20 of the NAFTA. This mechanism permits each of the States Parties—ie Canada, Mexico, and the US—to bring a claim against another regarding interpretation and application of the agreement. This mechanism is not open to private party claimants. Chapter 20 dispute settlement is...
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