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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

North American Free Trade Agreement, Dispute Settlement

Frederick M Abbott

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 October 2021

Regional organizations — Political violence — NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) — Arbitration — Good offices

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The North American Free Trade Agreement (1992) (‘NAFTA’) incorporates three distinct dispute settlement mechanisms within the main text of the agreement, and several additional mechanisms in its supplementary agreements. 2 The principal dispute settlement mechanism is established by Chapter 20 of the NAFTA. This mechanism permits each of the States Parties—ie Canada, Mexico, and the US—to bring a claim against another regarding interpretation and application of the agreement. This mechanism is not open to private party claimants. Chapter 20 dispute settlement is...
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