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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Memel Territory Statute, Interpretation of, Case

Marcelo G Kohen

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 31 May 2023


Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The city of Memel and its surrounding territory constituted the north-east part of Prussia. By virtue of Art. 99 Versailles Peace Treaty [1919], Germany relinquished its sovereignty over the territory of Memel in favour of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers. Due to divergent views amongst the interested States, the final decision as to the fate of the territory involved complex negotiations at the Peace Conference. Although 50.6% of the population were declared to be German-speaking in 1920, Lithuania claimed this territory of 2,746.7 km2. The territory...
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