1 For many centuries, States were mainly concerned with protecting their territory against pestilence brought to their shores. It was only under the urge of the cholera outbreak in Europe between 1848 and 1850 that the first efforts were achieved to foster international co-operation in maritime quarantine. In this context, 1851 is a cornerstone year for public health (see also Health, Right to, International Protection). For the first time, infectious diseases control became a matter of inter-State concern. At that time, willing to deal with the legal vacuum...
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