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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Humanitarian Law, International

Hans-Peter Gasser

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 11 December 2023

Armed conflict — Care for the sick and wounded — Geneva Conventions 1949 Additional Protocol 1 — Armed forces — Ius ad bellum — Ius in bello

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Modern international law includes two chapters that respond to the threat and conduct of war or, as the phenomenon is now regularly called, of armed conflict: ius ad bellum and ius in bello. The aim of the first set of rules is to prohibit war as a means to settle disputes between States (Use of Force, Prohibition of). The main source of this prohibition is the UN Charter, which outlaws the threat or use of force in international relations (Use of Force, Prohibition of Threat), with the exception of those circumstances that may justify such use of force, in...
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