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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Use of Force, Prohibition of Threat

Michael Wood

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 10 December 2023

Act of state — Use of force, prohibition — Armed attack — Peace treaties — Humanitarian intervention

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The prohibition of the threat of force between States is laid down in Art. 2 (4) UN Charter, which reads: All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations. 2 In the Nuclear Weapons Advisory Opinion, the Court said that ‘if the use of force itself in a given case is illegal—for whatever reason—the threat to use such force will likewise be illegal’ (Legality of the Threat or...
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