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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Suspension of Hostilities

Valentina Azarova, Ido Blum

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 November 2020

Armed forces — Aggression — Self-defence — Conduct of hostilities — Prisoners of war — Belligerence

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 A suspension of hostilities is an agreed cessation of the fighting within a period of war. A number of terms are used to depict a suspension of hostilities, namely, truce, armistice, and ceasefire. 2 Truce is the oldest term, which originally had a religious connotation. A ‘Truce of God’ (Treuga Dei) was a measure by which the Catholic Church suspended warfare on certain days for religious reasons. The term ‘ceasefire’ was introduced into international legal parlance in the post-World War II era. Although some scholars ascribe to truce and ceasefire divergent...
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