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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]


James Kraska

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 13 July 2024

Military assistance — Armed forces — Armed conflict — Violations of the laws or customs of war — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Occupation — Belligerence

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Siege warfare is an operational strategy to facilitate capture of a fortified place such as a city, in such a way as to isolate it from relief in the form of supplies or additional defensive forces. If a siege is successful the attackers will wear down the defenders, who may either surrender or be defeated militarily. If the siege ends in surrender or defeat the place under siege falls under belligerent occupation (Occupation, Belligerent). In the context of cities, siege is a lawful method of warfare, but the rules governing siege are intended to afford special...
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