- Neutrality and non-alignment — Prisoners of war — Armed conflict — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Combatants
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 A transfer of prisoners of war or civilian internees should be seen in the context of the object and purpose of their detention. Detention is not punitive but aims at incapacitating actors to take part in hostile activities. International humanitarian law provides some rules governing the transfer of such persons.2 The defining criteria of prisoners of war or those entitled to equivalent treatment are outlined in Art. 4 Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (‘Geneva Convention III’) and Art. 44Geneva Conventions Additional Protocol I...