1 The term ‘peacekeeping’ was coined to describe a type of military action, used as a tool in the United Nations’ system of collective security, which is consent-based and tries to maintain or preserve peace with no or only a minimal use of force (Use of Force, Prohibition of). It was designed as an alternative to enforcement action or enforcement measures which imply the use of force for the purpose of imposing the will of the enforcer on the addressee of the action. 2 Both the Covenant of the League of Nations and the UN Charter established a system of...
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