1 The term ‘peacekeeping’ refers to measures aimed at preventing a breach of the peace (Peace, Threat to) or maintaining and restoring peace (Peace, Breach of), which are carried out with the authorization of the United Nations or other international and regional organizations. Peacekeeping was traditionally viewed as a counterpoint to ‘enforcement action’, under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, which implies that threats to the peace are dealt with by force. However, in recent years, as the traditional distinction between peacekeeping and coercive enforcement has...
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