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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]


Ebrahim Afsah

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 October 2021

Neutrality and non-alignment — Armed attack

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Neutralization is the institution in international law through which a given area is removed from the ambit of lawful armed hostilities. The precise meaning of the concept varies considerably in the literature (Pieper 106; Ruths 41), but there is agreement about its utility as a technical term in international law.2 While historical examples can be found in earlier as well as later periods, ‘neutralisation is a concept and creation of the 19th century’ (Graham 81) and intimately tied to the principle of the balance of power as the key instrument to maintain...
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