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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

International Court of Justice (ICJ)

Shabtai Rosenne†

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 30 September 2023

International courts and tribunals, powers — International organizations, practice and procedure — Jurisdiction

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 After the outbreak of World War II in September 1939 had put an end to the active life of the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), it was not until 1942 that among the Western Allies, interest in the future international organization began to revive and with it, interest in the future of a universal judicial organ along the lines of the PCIJ. 2 In 1942, several public statements were made about the future of an international judicial organ. On 23 July 1942, United States Secretary of State Cordell Hull gave public expression of official US approval...
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