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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Hague Peace Conferences (1899 and 1907)

Betsy Baker

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 09 December 2022

Armed conflict — Disarmament — Armed forces — 1815 to World War I — Arbitration — Good offices

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 In 1898 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia invited the leaders of 59 of the world’s sovereign States to participate in a peace conference unlike any other. Unusually for the 19th century, whose end the conference marked, it was called not for the great European powers to resolve a specific war or conflict or to divide territory or other spoils of war. Rather, what came to be known as the Hague International Peace Conference of 1899 reached, albeit modestly, beyond Europe and was convened as a restraint on war, to reduce the amount nations spent on armaments, and to...
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