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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Demilitarization

Kees Kingma, Nico Schrijver

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 July 2021

Subject(s):
Disarmament — Armed forces — Armed conflict — Peace treaties — Peace keeping — Apartheid — Weapons

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The concept of demilitarization denotes the reduction or even total abolishment of armament (Disarmament) and military presence in a specific geographic area. In operational terms it implies the dismantlement of arms, ammunition, and armed forces in order to put them beyond military use. Demilitarization also connotes the process of sustained reductions in the influence of the military in a given State and society. 2 In many respects demilitarization is the opposite of militarization, which usually describes the complex process of mobilization of resources for...
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