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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Civil Defence

Roberta Arnold, Dominik Zimmermann

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 October 2021

Armed conflict — Military objectives — Prisoners of war — Warfare, air — Necessity — Armed forces

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The concept of civil defence in international law encompasses functions meant to protect the civilian population against the dangers resulting from hostilities or natural disasters, to help it to recover from the immediate negative effects thereof, as well as to provide the conditions necessary for its survival.2 Although the performance of civil defence functions may become relevant both in times of peace and in times of armed conflict, the central aim of the concept is to mitigate the loss, damage and suffering inflicted on the civilian population by...
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