1 On 14 August 1946, the United States qualified its acceptance of the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) under Art. 36 (2) Statute of the International Court of Justice (the ‘Optional Clause’ International Court of Justice, Optional Clause) in its Declaration of Acceptance (‘1946 Declaration’) through a clause which excludes ‘disputes with regard to matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of the United States of America as determined by the United States of America’ (emphasis added). This clause is known as...
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