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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Lieber Code

Patryk I Labuda

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 06 February 2023

1815 to World War I — Conduct of hostilities — Ius in bello

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The Lieber Code is sometimes referred to as the first modern codification of the laws of war (Humanitarian Law, International). Promulgated at the height of the American Civil War (1861–65), it proposed a set of rules to govern the conduct of hostilities by the United States armies (‘Union’ or ‘North’) against the Confederate States of America (‘Confederacy’ or ‘South’). Named after its main author, Francis Lieber, the Code regulated a variety of legal issues, in particular the interplay between military necessity and the principle of humanity (Humanity,...
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