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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Diego Garcia (British Indian Ocean Territory)

Ebrahim Afsah

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 February 2020

Subject(s):
Islands and artificial islands — Sovereignty — Territory, title

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Diego Garcia is the largest of six atolls in the Chagos Archipelago comprising 55 uninhabited tropical islands (jointly 60km2) covering a very large maritime area (54,340km2), further enlarged by the 200 nm exclusive economic zone covering rich fishing grounds (636,600km2). The average elevation of the islands does not exceed two meters, vegetation is very lush, with a hot, humid climate, and large amounts of precipitation. The main island houses an important United States military base.2 The islands were known to the native population of Mauritius but were not...
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