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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Diego Garcia (British Indian Ocean Territory)

Ebrahim Afsah

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 17 August 2019

Islands and artificial islands — Sovereignty — Territory, title

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Diego Garcia is the largest of six atolls in the Chagos Archipelago comprising 55 uninhabited tropical islands (jointly 60km 2 ) covering a very large maritime area (54,340km 2 ), further enlarged by the 200 nm exclusive economic zone covering rich fishing grounds (636,600km 2 ). The average elevation of the islands does not exceed two meters, vegetation is very lush, with a hot, humid climate, and large amounts of precipitation. The main island houses an important United States military base. 2 The islands were known to the native population of Mauritius but...
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