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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Persian Gulf

Andrea Gioia

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 February 2024

Freedom from slavery or forced labour — Ethnicity — Minorities — Aggression — Piracy — Fisheries — Marine environment, protection — Armed conflict — Belligerence — Occupation — Warfare, sea — Weapons, chemical — Sovereignty — Exclusive economic zone — Innocent passage — Bays — Delimitation — Straits — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Peace treaties — Jurisdiction of states, territoriality principle — Recognition — Disarmament — Use of force, prohibition

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The Persian Gulf (Bays and Gulfs) is an arm of the Indian Ocean that lies between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran and is currently bordered by eight States: clockwise from the north, these are Iran, Oman, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. The Persian Gulf, covering approximately 97,000 square miles, has a maximum width of about 200 miles in its southern part and extends for about 500 miles from the Musandam Peninsula, most of which is within Oman, and the mouth of the river Shatt al Arab, which flows into the Persian...
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