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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Vivendi (Compañía de Aguas del Aconquija) v Argentina Case

Stanimir A Alexandrov

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 July 2021

Fair and equitable treatment standard — Full protection and security — International minimum standard — Indirect expropriation — Denial of justice — Taxation, double — Exhaustion of local remedies — Responsibility of states — Arbitration — Concession agreements — Contract claims — Treaty claim — Annulment

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 In 1994 the government of the Argentine Province of Tucumán decided to privatize the water and sewage services in the Province of Tucumán through a public tender. The concession was awarded to a consortium led by the Compagnie Générale des Eaux (General Company of Water) (‘CGE’), a French company with significant experience in water concessions (Corporations in International Law). The consortium formed a local company, Compañía de Aguas del Aconquija (Water Company of Aconquija) (‘CAA’). In May 1995, CAA entered into a 30-year concession agreement with the...
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