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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Environment and Indigenous Peoples

Hendrik A Strydom

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 September 2023

Indigenous peoples — Self-determination — Right to property — Sustainable development — Intellectual property — Non-discrimination — Biodiversity — Cultural property / heritage

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The link between indigenous peoples and the environment is in part the result of the growing participation since the 70s and the 80s by indigenous peoples in activities of the human rights bodies of the United Nations (UN). This avenue made it possible for indigenous peoples’ claims to collective community rights, land tenure, intellectual property rights, and environmental sustainability to be taken up in the international standard-setting process of the UN and other organizations. A landmark development in this regard was the adoption by the UN General...
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