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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Supranational Law

Achilles Skordas, Luke Dimitrios Spieker

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 01 December 2023

Federal states — Sovereignty — Subsidiarity — Direct effect — Soft law

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Supranational law is a strange animal. Although the European Union (‘EU’ or ‘Union’) is undisputedly the most advanced (perhaps even the only fully-fledged) form of supranational integration, two characteristics make it particularly difficult to grasp: On the one hand, supranational law is essentially a hybrid. Like a pendulum it constantly moves across the international and the domestic, never fully abandoning the former, and never fully mutating into the latter. On the other hand, the understanding of supranational law is a matter of perspective: it highly...
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