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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

International Organizations or Institutions, Supervision and Sanctions

Kirsten Schmalenbach

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 July 2024

Membership of international organizations — Subsidiary organs of international organizations — Customary international law — International organizations, practice and procedure — Erga omnes obligations — Rule of law

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Generally speaking, one of the key functions of international organizations today is the supervision of legal compliance by Member States. Originally, only States supervised—that is to say, monitored—their mutual compliance with treaty obligations through diplomatic channels. This decentralized and highly self-interest–oriented method, which is still practiced today, has its shortcomings, especially within the framework of large multilateral treaties. As multilateral treaty law proliferated throughout the 20th century, the international community sought better...
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