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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Children and Armed Conflict

Roberta Arnold

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 February 2024

Children, rights — Right to education — Armed forces — Peace keeping — Weapons — Armed conflict — Geneva Conventions 1949 — War crimes — Crimes against humanity — Prisoners of war — Child soldiers

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Armed conflict (Armed Conflict, Internal Armed Conflict, International Armed Conflict, Non-International) holds children captive at both ends of the gun: as victims and as perpetrators of crimes committed in relation to the hostilities. In the attempt to address the need to protect children in armed conflict (Children, International Protection), the international community has enacted several instruments, including the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (‘CROC’). The most recent instrument is the Optional Protocol to the CROC on the involvement...
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