1 Armed conflict (Armed Conflict, Internal Armed Conflict, International Armed Conflict, Non-International) holds children captive at both ends of the gun: as victims and as perpetrators of crimes committed in relation to the hostilities. In the attempt to address the need to protect children in armed conflict (Children, International Protection), the international community has enacted several instruments, including the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (‘CROC’). The most recent instrument is the Optional Protocol to the CROC on the involvement...
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