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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Climate, International Protection

Philippe J Sands, Ilona Millar

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 06 February 2023

Climate change — Sustainable development — Regional co-operation — Developing countries

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The earth’s climate is determined in large part by the presence in the atmosphere of naturally occurring greenhouse gases, including in particular water vapour, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), nitrous oxide (N2O), and tropospheric ozone (O3) (Atmosphere, International Protection). These gases are transparent to incoming shortwave solar radiation but absorb and trap longwave radiation emitted by the earth’s surface. Their presence exerts a warming influence on the earth. This natural greenhouse effect is positive in keeping the...
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