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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Technology Transfer

Michael Waibel, William Alford

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 20 April 2024

Development — Developing countries — Intellectual property

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Technology transfer concerns the efficient and equitable allocation of existing technology in the world. Such a transfer differs from the creation of new technology, even though it may enable further technological developments. The term technology transfer entered international law in the 1960s (UNGA Res 1713 [XVI] ‘The Role of Patents in the Transfer of Technology to Under-developed Countries’ [19 December 1961]), though its precise definition remains contentious. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, for instance, defines technology transfer as ‘a...
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