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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Westphalian System

Rainer Grote

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 01 December 2023

History of international law — Foreign relations law — Ancient Times to 1648 — 1648-1815 — Sovereignty — Customary international law — Unilateral acts

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Westphalian system, or Westphalian model, Westphalian paradigm, Westphalian regime etc are terms frequently used by international relations scholars (International Relations, Principal Theories) as a shorthand for the fundamental transformation of international relations which is said to have taken place in the 17th century, replacing the previously dominant idea of a Christian commonwealth governed by universal institutions—ie the Pope and the Emperor—with an international order consisting mainly or exclusively of independent sovereign States (Sovereignty)...
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