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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Treaties of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation

Andreas Paulus

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 January 2023

Development — Transport — Security assistance — BITs (Bilateral Investment Treaties) — Object & purpose (treaty interpretation and) — Treaties, application — Customary international law — Unilateral acts

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Treaties of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation are bilateral treaties concluded to facilitate commerce, navigation, and investment between the States Parties and reciprocally to protect individuals and businesses.2 On 6 February 1778, the United States concluded the first treaty of this kind with France as a treaty of amity and commerce. It established trade between the two countries on the basis of the most-favoured-nation (‘MFN’) principle (‘MFN’; Most-Favoured-Nation Clause; see also World Trade, Principles), and provided for generous treatment of neutral...
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