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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Solidarity Rights (Development, Peace, Environment, Humanitarian Assistance)

Petra Minnerop, Naomi Roht-Arriaza, Sara C Aminzadeh

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 17 April 2024

Access to information — Collective rights — Human rights remedies — Rights holders — Sustainable development — Customary international law — General principles of international law

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1Karel Vasak coined the term ‘solidarity rights’ in an article written for the UNESCO Courier in 1977. He suggested that after the international recognition of human rights of the so-called ‘first generation’, ie civil and political rights in the traditional sense (see also International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights [1966] [‘ICCPR’]), and following the acknowledgement of human rights of the ‘second generation’, ie economic and social rights (see also International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights [1966] [‘ICESCR’]) it was time to...
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