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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

New States and International Law

Ram P Anand

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 14 August 2020

Sovereignty — States, equality — Customary international law — Soft law — Jurisdiction of states, universality principle — Self-determination — Consular relations

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 International law is generally understood to be universally binding on all State s in equal measure in their relations with each other (Universality). It is defined and described by scholars and statesmen alike as a law which makes no distinction between nations. As Oppenheim and Jennings point out: ‘International law does not recognize any distinction in the membership of the international community based on religious, geographical, or cultural differences’ (at 87). As soon as States emerge as independent and fulfil the criteria of statehood (Sovereignty;...
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