1 Historically, the Act of State Doctrine has actually involved three distinct, but related, doctrines. The first line of cases involves the principle wherein a sovereign entity, under particular circumstances, may claim immunity from suit in the courts of another jurisdiction. This concept is commonly known today as foreign sovereign immunity (in the United States of America [‘US’]) or State immunity (in the United Kingdom [‘UK’]). A second line of cases, predominantly in the UK, concerns the so-called ‘royal prerogative’, which creates a defence to a tort action...
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