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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]


Björn Ahl

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 01 October 2023

De facto regime — Indigenous peoples — Sovereignty — Territory, acquisition and transfer — Self-defence — Self-determination — Statehood, legitimacy

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The question of Taiwan’s international legal status is one of the most enduring problems in international law. Based on effectiveness, Taiwan appears to comply with the criteria of statehood, but it has not unequivocally asserted a separate legal status as a State, and therefore it cannot be regarded as a State under international law. Moreover, the question of what entity acquired territorial sovereignty over Taiwan needs to be addressed (Territorial Integrity and Political Independence). The contentious legal issues relating to Taiwan’s participation in...
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