1In the aftermath of the Japanese occupation which ended with Japan’s defeat in 1945, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel north. Due to the failure of joint trusteeship over Korea between the former Soviet Union and the US, two separate governments were established (see also United Nations Trusteeship System). The history of South Korea therefore formally begins with the establishment of a South Korean government on 15 August 1948. 2South Korea (the Republic of Korea) and North Korea (the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) have technically remained at war...
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