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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Holy Places

Heribert Franz Koeck

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 08 June 2023

Sovereignty — Trust territory and mandate — Cultural property / heritage — Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion — Religion — Erga omnes obligations — Ordre public

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The term holy or sacred places refers largo sensu to sites which are of special meaning to the followers of one or more particular religion(s). Stricto sensu it is used in connection with certain sites in the Holy Land (see also Israel; Israel, Occupied Territories; Palestine). Since it is up to the various religions to define their eventual holy places, any general categorization is necessarily a simplification.2 Apart from the ostensible distinction between man-made structures and natural objects, two groups of holy places can be distinguished. The first...
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