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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas

Michael Waibel

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 22 July 2024

Sovereignty — Islands and artificial islands — Territory, acquisition and transfer — Continental shelf — Warfare, sea — Exclusive economic zone — Jurisdiction of states, conflicts — Jurisdiction of states, territoriality principle — Self-determination — States, independence

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Few sovereignty disputes are as intractable as the one over the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas (‘Islands’). Fruitless diplomatic efforts to resolve the sovereignty dispute over the Islands span more than 200 years, though Argentina and the United Kingdom (‘UK’) negotiated in earnest for the first time only from 1965 to 1982. In 1982, the tension generated by the simmering territorial dispute led to a two-month armed conflict (Armed Conflict, International). Argentina’s claim to sovereignty over the Islands is based on the original territorial acquisition by...
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