1 The territorial sea (also called territorial waters) is a maritime area beyond and adjacent to the internal waters, and shall not extend beyond twelve nautical miles (‘nm’) from the baselines. In the territorial sea the coastal State exercises sovereignty extending to the air space over the territorial sea as well as to its bed and subsoil (Art. 2 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea; Arts 1–2 UN Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone [‘Territorial Sea Convention’]). In principle, the coastal State exercises complete legislative and enforcement...
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