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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

State Aircraft

Jan Wouters, Sten Verhoeven

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 March 2023

Civil aviation

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Primary sources of international law do not offer a definition of State aircraft, although numerous conventions on air law refer to the term. Doctrine has defined State aircraft as all aircraft owned and operated by the government. This definition is very wide and is based on ownership. Consequently, not only typical State aircraft, such as military, police, or customs aircraft, but equally aircraft owned and operated by a public body for commercial purposes are considered State aircraft. Although the scope of this definition might be too wide, it has the...
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