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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]


Haritini Dipla, Danae Azaria

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 January 2022

Islands and artificial islands — Jurisdiction of states, territoriality principle — Territory, acquisition and transfer

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Geographically, islands are areas of land surrounded by water. As with any other land territories, principles and rules on acquisition of territory also apply to islands (Territory, Acquisition). They are also entitled to maritime zones, such entitlement being conditional upon the legal definition of the term ‘island’. International regulations in this regard have developed gradually, first through State practice, then through negotiations during successive codification conferences, and through the development of international case law (Conferences and...
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