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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Civil Aviation, Offences against Safety

Anthony Aust

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 September 2020

Civil aviation — Responsibility of non-state actors — Self-defence

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The use of force against a civil aircraft of course endangers not only the aircraft but also all those on board. It raises two particular issues concerning the use of force: its use by State[s] and its use by non-State actors, typically terrorists (Terrorism). These need to be carefully distinguished. The use of force by a State raises primarily issues of international law as to the lawfulness of the force used. Use of force by a non-State actor raises issues of both domestic law and international law (International Law and Domestic [Municipal] Law). The use of...
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