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Part II General Principles of the Law of Targeting, 6 The API Rule of Distinction

William H. Boothby

From: The Law of Targeting

William H Boothby

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 07 December 2023

Geneva Conventions 1949 — Combatants — Military objectives — Armed forces — Weapons, nuclear
By the time the diplomatic conference opened in 1974,1 there was certainly some law already in existence that applied to bombardment and targeting. The Hague Regulations 1907 limited the means of injuring the enemy2 and prohibited the treacherous killing or wounding of individuals belonging to the hostile party,3 declarations of no quarter,4 and making improper use of military insignia or uniforms of the enemy.5 More crucially, the destruction of property not imperatively demanded by the necessities of the conflict was prohibited6 as was the bombardment of towns,...
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