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Part I Marine Environmental Law, s.D Liability and Compensation for Pollution Damage, 9 Liability and Compensation for Ship-Source Pollution

Måns Jacobsson

From: The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law: Volume III: Marine Environmental Law and International Maritime Security Law

Edited By: David Joseph Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman Martinez, Riyaz Hamza

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 June 2024

Regional co-operation — Natural resources — Marine living resources — Pollution — Ships / vessels

This chapter covers the scope of liabilities and compensation for ship-source pollution, from the international regimes involved to the methods of their execution. Compensation for pollution damage caused by spills from oil tankers is governed by an international regime elaborated under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in the wake of the Torrey Canyon oil spill in 1967. This ‘old’ regime was amended in 1992 by two Protocols, and the amended Conventions are known as the 1992 Civil Liability Convention and the 1992 Fund Convention. The 1969 and 1992 Civil Liability Conventions govern the liability of shipowners for oil pollution damage. The Conventions lay down the principle of strict liability for shipowners and create a system of compulsory liability insurance.

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