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Part I Marine Environmental Law, s.B Prevention of Marine Pollution, 2 The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)

Malgosia Fitzmaurice

From: The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law: Volume III: Marine Environmental Law and International Maritime Security Law

Edited By: David Joseph Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman Martinez, Riyaz Hamza

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 June 2024

Regional co-operation — Natural resources — Marine living resources — Pollution

This chapter details the history and development of the International Convention on the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), and how it regulates ship-based marine pollution. Shipping contributes to a limited extent to marine pollution from human activities, in particular when compared to pollution from land-based sources (or even dumping). MARPOL’s regulatory regime is the reason why ship source pollution incidents since 1970 have been in decline, especially the so-called operational pollution vis-à-vis accidents. Credit should also be given to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) for its dynamism in responding to the many challenges of the maritime industry, especially for forging consensus on many difficult issues confronting member States due to the diverging interest of the maritime industry’s stakeholders. The apparent success of MARPOL has been crucial in achieving IMO’s goal for safe, secure, and efficient shipping on clean oceans.

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