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Part II Maritime Security Law, 18 Military uses of the Sea

Natalino Ronzitti

From: The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law: Volume III: Marine Environmental Law and International Maritime Security Law

Edited By: David Joseph Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman Martinez, Riyaz Hamza

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 June 2024

Subject(s):
Weapons, biological — Weapons, chemical — Weapons of mass destruction — Weapons, nuclear — Continental shelf — Exclusive economic zone — High seas — Territorial sea — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)

This chapter discusses the ‘hard security’ aspect of military use of the sea, which involves navies’ mobility, self-defence, and exercise of sea-power for a number of reasons, including resort to force, or simply showing the flag to assert a claim and countering other States excessive pretensions, and the use of the sea in wartime. It defines warships and their status—given that navies are the main military users of the ocean—as well as passage through territorial waters and coverage of the economic zone and other pertinent areas of the ocean. Additionally, this chapter covers other areas of hard security during wartime and peacetime negotiations, neutral or convention-exclusive zones and other forms of naval operations that extend as far as air defence.

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